Tag Archive - Foot Anatomy

The APMA Approves Select Blundstone Footwear

The APMA Approves Blundstone Work Boots

The APMA Approves Blundstone Work Boots

The health of your feet is a very important factor when thinking about your work. Uncomfortable work boots and shoes can be a pain in the butt, and in the foot, especially if your job requires you to be on your feet for several hours a day.  No one wants to suffer from tired, achy feet day in and day out, but how do you know what types of footwear won’t cause foot pain and discomfort?  Luckily, the American Podiatric Medical Association’s (APMA) Seal of Acceptance Program does the homework for you and finds the best in footwear – shoes and boots that are not only comfortable, but also promote good foot health if worn long term. Continue Reading…

Foot Anatomy

Foot Anatomy

The human foot and ankle are complex organs that work together to provide strength and flexibility. The ankle serves as a foundation that provides shock absorption. The foot can sustain enormous pressure and provides flexibility and resiliency. The foot and ankle contain:

  • 26 bones (one-quarter of the bones in the human body);
  • 33 joints;
  • more than 100 muscles, tendons, and ligaments; and
  • a network of blood vessels, nerves, skin, and soft tissue. Continue Reading…

What is Hammer Toe?

Hammer Toe

The toes may seem small and relatively insignificant, but they are vital to walking and working. There are at least six sets of muscles that control each toe. Two tendons join on the dorsal aspect (top) of the toes, and insert into the middle and distal phalanges of each toe. On the bottom (plantar aspect) of the toes are two more muscles that, instead of joining like the extensors, remain separate. Each muscle stabilizes one of the bones in the toe. The flexor digitorum longus muscle attaches to the bone at the end of the toe (distal phalanx) and the flexor digitorum brevis attaches to the middle phalanx. The lumbrical and the interossei muscles stabilize the proximal phalanx (inner toe bone). Continue Reading…

What are Bunions?

Bunions

Bunions are caused by a poor alignment of the foot and joint of the big toe. A bump develops on the inner side of the foot near the base of the first toe this is the bunion. The toe twists so that the inside edge touches the ground and the outside edge turns upward. In other words, it describes the deviation of the toe toward the outside of the foot.

The inherited shape of the foot may predispose people to bunions. For example, flat feet are unstable and in walking the body weight is repeatedly transferred to the big toe. This transfer of weight allows certain muscles to become stronger than others. This overpowering of muscles causes the toe to bend and deform. Women who wear tight, pointy-toed, or high-heeled shoes and shoes that are too small are susceptible to getting bunions. Improper boots and shoes exacerbate the underlying cause of flat, unstable feet. Continue Reading…

What Feet Do

Feet

A foot should be pain-free, flat on the ground and fit your footwear.

The foot and ankle are a marvelous but complex musculoskeletal structures composed of bones, joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles that allow us to perform a wide variety of functions, from energy-efficient gaits to running to jumping or diving.  It is able to adapt to a wide variety of terrain (from a sandy beach to a rocky cliff) and be able to convert from a flexible shock absorber into a rigid platform.  To understand how it can perform these incredible feats, it is necessary to understand the basic functional anatomy of the foot and ankle.

Continue Reading…

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